Lim Beng Kim, Lulu (“Lulu Lim”), former Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) of Agritrade International Pte Ltd (“AIPL”), was sentenced to an imprisonment term of 20 years. She was convicted of the following charges on 9 December 2022 in the State Courts:

11 counts of cheating under Section 420 of the Penal Code (“PC”), Chapter 224; and

One count of falsification of accounts under Section 477A of the PC.

In January 2020, the Commercial Affairs Department (“CAD”) of the Singapore Police Force (“SPF”) commenced investigations into Lulu Lim and others for trade financing fraud. The investigations concerned AIPL, a Singapore-incorporated company that carried on the business of trading in coal and palm oil among others, and the making of false representations and/or submitting fictitious documents to multiple financial institutions. From January 2020 to August 2020, the Police received multiple reports lodged by various entities including banks and finance companies which had extended credit facilities to AIPL for the purposes of trade financing.

Lulu Lim left Singapore shortly after the commencement of investigations and an Interpol Red Notice was issued against her. The Police made extensive efforts to locate her with the assistance of multiple foreign counterparts and she was subsequently located and arrested in the United Arab Emirates (“UAE”). She arrived in Singapore in September 2021 via a flight arranged by the UAE authorities and was placed under arrest.

Investigations revealed that from 2016 to 2018, Lulu Lim contacted or attempted to contact a director of an auditing and accounting firm to prepare draft consolidated financial statements for AIPL and its subsidiaries, using AIPL’s management accounts provided by her. From January 2017 to November 2019, Lulu Lim instructed and/or permitted her subordinates in AIPL to forward documents that she had disseminated to them, including the falsified financial statements to the banks and finance companies.

Lulu Lim deceived 16 financial institutions into believing that the consolidated financial statements for AIPL and its subsidiary companies for the financial years ended 30 June 2016, 30 June 2017 and/or 30 June 2018 were audited, a fact which she knew to be false. By such manner of deception, Lulu Lim dishonestly induced the financial institutions to deliver money through credit facilities granted to AIPL. She also separately instructed her subordinate to insert a copy of the auditor’s signature into a document that falsely purported to be the audited consolidated financial statements of AIPL for the financial year ended 30 June 2018.

As a result, a total of 16 financial institutions granted at least USD 586.5 million in credit facilities to AIPL between January 2017 and November 2019. AIPL defaulted on these loans and the total loss suffered by the financial institutions amounted to around USD 469.1 million.

The majority of the money drawn from these credit facilities was transferred to three companies and their subsidiaries, which were purported to be legitimate suppliers of commodities traded by AIPL but were actually connected to AIPL in a material fashion. For example, members of AIPL’s senior management, including Lulu Lim herself, had assisted in the incorporation of these three “suppliers” and their subsidiaries, and/or had been employed by them as directors. Various document templates and letterheads, as well as signature blocks and chops bearing the particulars of these three “suppliers”, were also discovered in AIPL’s premises.

The Police will continue our efforts to safeguard Singapore’s reputation as a trusted business and financial centre. Finance professionals and company officers, such as public accountants, chief financial officers, chief executive officers, chief operating officers and directors, have a duty to the company’s stakeholders and a duty to safeguard the integrity of the financial system. The CAD takes a tough stance against financial professionals and company officers who fail in their corporate duties and who abuse Singapore’s financial system to commit crime. Any knowledge or reasonable suspicion of misconduct or fraud should be reported to the authorities early.

Director CAD, Mr David Chew said, “CAD would like to thank INTERPOL and our foreign counterparts for their assistance to arrest and send Lulu Lim back to Singapore to face justice for one of Singapore’s largest cases of trade financing fraud. Industry expertise was instrumental in the solving of this case. The Police would also like to thank the members of the Anti-Money Laundering/Countering the Financing of Terrorism Industry Partnership (“ACIP”)[1] for their strong support in the investigations against AIPL.”

[1] Established in 2017, ACIP is co-chaired by the CAD/SPF and Monetary Authority of Singapore, with a Steering Group comprising the Association of Banks in Singapore and nine banks in Singapore. The private-public partnership works together to collaboratively identify, assess, and mitigate key and emerging money laundering and terrorism financing risks facing Singapore.

Source: Singapore Police Force