BAGHDAD - Iraq's most powerful religious figure Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani reiterated Friday his condemnation of the use of force against anti-government protesters as the mass movement enters a critical juncture and political blocs tussle over naming a new premier.
Meanwhile, influential and radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for his followers to return to the street, one week after he withdrew support for anti-government demonstrators camped out in Baghdad's Tahrir Square. The move comes one day before a deadline set by Iraq's president to select the next prime minister runs out.
Al-Sistani's comments came as unrest continued in Baghdad's Khilani and Wathba squares, where at least 11 demonstrators were wounded Friday by security forces firing tear gas canisters to disperse crowds, according to security and medical officials. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations.
The area has become a flash point in the recent escalation staged by demonstrators to refocus public attention on the demands of the four-month protest movement after a U.S. airstrike that killed a top Iranian general in Baghdad monopolized Iraqi politics.
Protesters had called for 1 million Iraqis to take to the streets Friday to revitalize demonstrations and pressure the government to implement a reform agenda after al-Sadr withdrew his followers from the street last week. Al-Sadr's pullout was followed by a security crackdown on protest camps. Tents were burned and at least four protesters were killed in Baghdad and Iraq's south.
By Friday evening, the protest turnout was well below a million, activists said.
In an apparent reversal of position, al-Sadr issued a statement calling on his followers to renew the demonstrations and return to the street, amid deadlock over the naming of a new prime minister. He said large demonstrations were necessary to pressure political elites to form a new non-controversial government and hold early elections.
A second statement from al-Sadr said the call was effective immediately and he exorted protesters to head to Tahrir Square, epicenter of the anti-government protest movement.
Al-Sadr is the head of political bloc Saeroon, which won the most seats in Iraq's 2018 federal election but not enough to secure a commanding majority in Iraq's parliament. Outgoing prime minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi, who resigned in December under pressure from protesters, came to power under a political agreement struck between Saeroon and rival bloc Fatah, headed by Hadi al-Ameri.
For two months, negotiations between the divided factions have been deadlocked and al-Sadr has routinely drawn on his ability to mobilize his followers as leverage. President Barham Saleh has given the parties until Saturday to name a candidate or he would do so himself.
Analysts and Iraqi officials said al-Sadr's about-face was designed to ensure political elites selected his choice of candidate as the clock ticks on Saleh's deadline.
He is reasserting his populist credentials and his position in the protest movement, said Fanar Haddad, senior research fellow at the Middle East Institute, National University of Singapore. He wants to rally his base, mend some recently damaged fences and raise the pressure on his political rivals as the stalemate over government formation continues.
Al-Sadr's departure last week had created clear divisions between his followers and other anti-government protesters in the square.
All those who are already in protest squares are your brothers, al-Sadr's statement said. Never be divided in slogans, sayings or deeds.
Al-Sistani reaffirmed his condemnation of the use of violence against demonstrators in his weekly sermon, delivered in the holy city of Karbala through a representative. Al-Sistani's opinion holds sway over many Iraqis and elites.
His stances have often sided with the protesters who first took to the streets Oct. 1 to decry rampant government corruption, poor services and unemployment. Though their demands are varied, most want snap elections, reforms and a change of political leadership.
In his sermon he condemned, the use of violence against peaceful demonstrators, the assassinations and kidnappings of some of them, and categorically refused attempts by security forces to break up peaceful sit-ins using violence and force.
Al-Sistani also reiterated calls on political blocs to name a new prime minister and form a new government as soon as possible, to avoid political crisis and instability.
Source: Voice of America